Transfer of Defence Tehnology and Equipment
(1) Introduction of the speakers and content of the session by Dr. Watanabe
(2) Keynote speech of the session delivered by Mr. Wakamiya, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and Former Vice Minister of Defense (20 minutes)
(3) Presentations by each panelist (10-15 minutes each)
- (a) Introduction of the Japanese defense equipment transfer policy Mr. Aoyagi.
- (b) Introduction of the UK’s defence equipment transfer policy and description of possible cooperation related to equipment and technology between the UK and Japan by Dr. Birchnell.
- (c) Introduction of the US defence equipment transfer policy and description of possible cooperation related to equipment and technology between the US and Japan by Mr. Morrissey
(4) Q&A between the moderator and the panelists (20 minutes) – cf. 4. Moderator’s questions
(5) Questions from the audience (remaining 30-40 minutes)
Questions from the moderator:
(1) Strengthening the defence industrial base and the development of defence equipment and technology:
Recently, cooperative research and development has become a powerful option for research and development of large-scale equipment such as future fighter and advanced missiles.
In case of cooperative development, the partner countries should share research and development cost and integrate their technological strengths in order to accomplish research and development of the equipment. Due to the rapidly increasing cost of development and difficulty of developing new technologies, cooperative development is considered to a globally viable and persuasive option in comparison to domestic development.
On the other hand, in view of domestic companies, conditions for joint development (cost-sharing, technology disclosure) are crucial and there are some serious concerns that cooperative developments might weaken the domestic defense industrial base. Due to these concerns, some believe that indigenous development is more practical option.
Therefore, in order to firmly maintain and strengthen Japan’s defense industrial base, we need to think about how Japan should conduct cooperation with its partners for future development of defense equipment (policy, standard and so on).
The moderator will ask panelists to describe what kind of cooperation including cooperative development should be necessary for Japan.
(2) On the conditions to effective defence technology transfers:
Recently, ATLA has made efforts to conclude equipment and technology transfer agreement with its partners around the world. Despite these efforts, the country has not been able to achieve outstanding results and the media have repeatedly pointed out mistakes of equipment policy of ATLA
At the same time, imports of defense equipment have increased, leading to weakening the domestic defence industrial base (including its expertise) and a few companies have withdrawn from the defense industry.
Defense equipment transfer, including used equipment, to developing countries is an effective means to strengthen security relations with these countries and is considered an important domestic policy which should be strengthened in the future.
I would like to ask the panelists as to what kind of policy should be taken.
Any idea from ATLA’s panelist as to what direction the agency could take is also welcomed.